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太医教您识中药 | 全蝎


全蝎

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教材版


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来源
本品为钳蝎科动物东亚钳蝎Buthus martensii Karsch的干燥体。

产地
主产于河南禹县、南阳、鹿邑,山东益都等地。河北、辽宁、安徽、湖北等省亦产。以河南禹县、鹿邑,山东益都产品质佳,以山东产量最大。野生或饲养。

采收加工
春末至秋初捕捉,除去泥沙,置沸水或沸盐水中,煮至全身僵硬,捞出,置通风处,阴干。

性状鉴别
药材

TOUXIONGBUYUQIANFUBUCHENGBIANPINGZHANGTUOYUANXING,HOUFUBUCHENGWEIZHUANG,ZHOUSUOWANQU,WANZHENGZHETIZHANGYUE6cm。TOUXIONGBUCHENGLVHESE,QIANMIANYOU1DUIDUANXIAODEAOZHIHE1DUIJIAOZHANGDADEQIANZHUANGJIAOXU,XINGSIXIEAO,BEIMIANFUYOUTIXINGBEIJIA,FUMIANYOUZU4DUI,JUNWEI7JIE,MODUANGEJU2ZHUAGOU;QIANFUBUYOU7JIEZUCHENG,DI7JIESESHEN,BEIJIASHANGYOU5TIAOLONGJIXIAN。BEIMIANLVHESE,HOUFUBUZONGHUANGSE,6JIE,JIESHANGJUNYOUZONGGOU,MOJIEYOURUIGOUZHUANGDUCI,DUCIXIAFANGWUJU。QIWEIXING,WEIXIAN。

性味归经

熊猫电竞XIN,PING。YOUDU。GUIGANJING。

性能特点
本品辛平,力强有毒,专入肝经,走窜搜剔。既善息风止痉,治惊痫抽搐、破伤风及中风面瘫或半身不遂;又善攻毒散结,治疮毒瘰疬;还善通络止痛,治头痛及风湿顽痹。

功效
息风止痉,攻毒散结,通络止痛。

主治病证
(1)急慢惊风,癫痫抽搐,破伤风。

(2)ZHONGFENGMIANTAN,BANSHENBUSUI。

(3)CHUANGYANGZHONGDU,LUOLITANHE。

(4)PIANZHENGTOUTONG,FENGSHIWANBI。

用法用量
内服:煎汤,3~6g;研末,每次0.6~1g;也可入丸散。外用:适量,研末外敷。

使用注意
本品有毒,辛散走窜,故用量不宜过大,孕妇忌服,血虚生风者慎服。
故事

CONGQIANYOUGEHUOLANG,MEITIANGANJICHUANXIANG,YAOPAOXUDUOLU。

熊猫电竞ZHEIYITIAN,TAYOUQIDETINGZAO,YIKANLAOPOSHUIDEZHENGXIANG,JIUZIJIDONGSHOUSHAOFAN。HUOLANGBAFANSHAOHAO,TIANHAIMEILIANG。TAYOUZOUDAOMENQIANJINGTAI,BALAOPOTOUTIANWANSHANGXIHAODEXIANCAINAJINWU,ZUOLEYIWANCAITANG。

HUOLANGLIANTANGDAIFANDECHIGEBAO,JIUTIAOQIHUODANCHUMENLE。TAZOUYA,ZOUYA,YIKOUQIZOULESHIDUOLIDI。ZHEISHI,TATURANGANDAODUZILIMIANXIANGHUOSHAOYIBAN,KOUYEKEDESHIFENNANSHOU。KESHI,ZHEIYINIANFENGHAN,GOUTANGGANDEJIANDIER,NAYEMEISHUI。HUOLANGHAOBURONGYIZOUDAOYIZUOCUNZHUANG,BADANZIFANGXIA,TUIKAIDIYIJIADEYUANMEN。YUANZILI,ZHIYOUYIGEXIAOHAIZAIWANER。

HUOLANGWEN:“NIJIADARENNI?”

HAIZISHUO:“DAOJIANWANTIAOSHUIQULA。”

“JIANWANZAINAER?”

“YUANJILA。”

“NIJIAGANGLIYOUSHUIME?JIWODIANHE。”

“MEIYOU。”

HUOLANGKEDEHOUGANKOUZAO,DUZILIYOUSHAODENANRENNANAO。TAJIUSHUOLEJU:“RANGWOZHAOZHAOKAN,NAPAYOUYIKOUSHUIRUNRUNSANGZIYEHAOA!”SHUOWANZOUJINNEIJIAWUZI,DONGZHAOXIZHAO,ZHIJIANGANGLI、GUOLI、PENLI、WANLIDOUMEIYOUYIDISHUI。ZUIHOU,HUOLANGKANJIANZAOHOUDEWANCHUDINGSHANGYOUYIBALUOMANCHENTUDEPOCHAHU。TAJIMANGNAXIALAIDAKAIGAIZI,HULIHAIZHENYOUBANHUCHENCHA。HUOLANGBUGUANSANQIERSHIYI,DUIZHEHUZUIERJIUHE。CHENGCHAGUANJINDUZI,JUEDESHUFUDUOLE。TAXIEGUOHAIZI,YOUTIAOSHANGDANZIGANJIQULE。

ZAISHUOHUOLANGDELAOPO,TIANLIANGSHIPAQILAICHIFAN,FAXIANGUOLISHENGZHEYIDIANXIANCAITANG,TANGLIYOUYIYAOSIDUSHE。TAHEDEDAJIAOYISHENG:“AIYA,WODEMA!”XINXIANG,ZHEIZHUNSHIDUSHEZUANJINLENEIKUNXIANCAI,HAIZITABAMEIKANJIAN,JIUYIKUAIERZUOJINLETANGLI。TAYIDINGZHONGDULE,SHUOBUDINGHAIHUINAOCHURENMINGNI!

熊猫电竞HUOLANGDELAOPOGUBUSHANGCHIFAN,YANZHEGANJIDELUYIZHIZHUIXIALAI。TAYILUSHANGMEIYOUFAXIANZHANGFUDESHITI,YIZHIPAODAOJISHI,CAIXUNJIANZHANGFU。QIGUAIDESHITAZHANGFUJINGXIANGMEISHIYIYANGHAIZAIMAIHUONI。HUOLANGKANJIANLAOPO,JIUWEN:“NIZENMELAILA?”

LAOPOSONGLEYIKOUQI,FANWENDAO:“AIYO,NIHAIHUOZHE?”

“ZENMELA?”

熊猫电竞“HAIWENWO?NIZAOCHENCHISHENYILAIDE?”

“XIANCAITANGA。”

“TANGLIYOUDUSHE!”

“A!”HUOLANGYIJING:“GUAIBUDEGANGCAIDUZILISHAODENEIMELIHAINI。”

“KUAIZHAOYISHENGKANKANBA。”

“BUYONG,ZHEIHUIERMEISHILA。”

“MEISHI?MOFEINICHILEJIEDUYAO?”

“MEICHIYA。”

“NEIZENMEYOUBUSHAOLA?”

WOZHAOLEBANHUSHENGCHAHE。”

HEI,DUOBANNEICHALIYOUSHENMEDONGXI,NENGJIESHEDU。”

NG,DENGHUIERWOMENKANKANQU。”

熊猫电竞SANJIYIHOU,HUOLANGLIANGKOUZIZOUDAOZAOCHENHECHADENEIJIAMENWAI,TAMENQIAOKAIMEN,CHULAIYIGENANREN。HUOLANGSHUO:“DAGE,ZAOCHENWOCONGZHEIERLUGUO,HELENIBANHULIANGCHA。ZHENXIEXIELA!”

“AIYA,ZHEIDOUSHIXIAOHAIZIBUDONGSHI!NEICHAFANGZAICHUDINGDUOBANNIANLE,BUNENGHE!”

熊猫电竞HUOLANGSHUO:“WOHEWANDAOJUEDETINGSHUFU。”

“SHIMA?”

“NINRANGWOKANKAN,NEISHIYIHUSHENMECHA?”

ZHURENBACHAHUPENGCHULAI,ZHAOKAIGAIERYIKAN,LITOUYOUYIZHIXIEZIHEYITIAOSIWUGONG。ZHURENCHIJINGDISHUO:“KANKAN,ZHEIDOUSHIYOUDUDEDONGXI,NIKUAIQUKANYISHENGBA!”

熊猫电竞HUOLANGXINLIYIDONG,SHUO:“ZHEIJIUDUILA!ZAOCHENHELEYOUSHEDUDETANG,SUOYIHUOSHAOXIN;HOULAIYOUHEJINYOUXIEDU、WUGONGDUDECHA,JIUMEISHILE。ZHEIYIDINGSHIDUNENGJIEDUYA!”

ZHEISHIYIDUANGUSHI,BUYIDINGZHENYOUQISHI。BUGUO,YIDUGONGDUSHIYOUDAOLIDE。HOULAI,YISHENGMENCONGDUSHEDEDUYEZHONGTIQUYAOSU,KEYIZHILIAOSHESHANGHEQITAXUDUOZHONGDUDEBINGZHENG。RENMENHAIFAXIAN,XIEDUYOUXIFENG、ZHENJING、ZHITONGDEGONGNENG;WUGONGDUKEYIZHILIAOJINGFENG、PIANTOUTENG、ECHUANG、SHEYAODENGZHENG。


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