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太医教您识中药 | 黄连


黄连
COPTIDIS RHIZOMA

来源

BENPINWEIMAOGENKEZHIWUHUANGLIANCoptis chinensis Franch.、SANJIAOYEHUANGLIANCoptis deltoidea C.Y.Cheng et HsiaoHUOYUNLIANCoptis teeta Wall.DEGANZAOGENJING。YISHANGSANZHONGFENBIEXICHENG“WEILIAN”、“YALIAN”、“YUNLIAN”。


相关名

熊猫电竞YUANLIAN、WEILIAN、YALIAN、YUNLIAN、JIZHUALIAN、CHUANLIAN、WANGLIAN、ZHILIAN、XUANLIAN、GULIAN、CHUANHUANGLIAN、EMEILIAN、GUYONGLIAN


图片



产地

WEILIANZHUCHANYUZHONGQINGSHIZHUXIAN,SICHUANHONGYA、EMEIDENGDI。HUBEI、SHANXI、GANSUDENGDIYICHAN。ZHUYAOWEIZAIPEIPIN。WEISHANGPINHUANGLIANDEZHUYAOLAIYUAN。YALIANZHUCHANYUSICHUANHONGYA、EMEIDENGDI,WEIZAIPEIPIN,JISHAOYESHENG。YUNLIANZHUCHANYUYUNNANDEQIN、BIJIANGJIXIZANGDONGNANBU,YUANXIYESHENG,XIANYOUZAIPEI。


采收加工

QIUJICAIWA,CHUQUXUGENHENISHA,GANZAO,ZHUANGQUCANLIUXUGEN。


性状鉴别

药材 味连

DUOJIJUCHENGCU,CHANGWANQU,XINGRUJIZHUA,DANZHIGENJINGZHANG3~6cm,ZHIJING0.3~0.8cm。BIAOMIANHUIHUANGSEHUOHUANGHESE,CUCAO,YOUBUGUIZEJIEJIEZHUANGLONGQI、XUGENJIXUGENCANJI,YOUDEJIEJIANBIAOMIANPINGHUARUJINGGAN,XICHENG“GUOQIAO”。SHANGBUDUOCANLIUHESELINYE,DINGDUANCHANGLIUYOUCANYUDEJINGHUOYEBING。ZHIYING,DUANMIANBUZHENGQI,PIBUCHENGHONGSEHUOANZONGSE,MUBUXIANHUANGSEHUOCHENGHUANGSE,CHENGFANGSHEZHUANGPAILIE,SUIBUYOUDEZHONGKONG。QIWEI,WEIJIKU。


雅连

DUOWEIDANZHI,LVECHENGYUANZHUXING,WEIWANQU,ZHANG4~8cm,ZHIJING0.5~1cm。“GUOQIAO”JIAOZHANG。DINGDUANYOUSHAOXUCANJING。

YUNLIAN:WANQUCHENGGOUZHUANG,DUOWEIDANZHI,JIAOXIXIAO。


YINPIAN HUANGLIANPIAN:CHENGBUGUIZEDEBOPIAN,WAIBIAOPIHUIHUANGSEHUOHUANGHESE,CUCAO,YOUXIXIAODEXUGEN。 QIEMIANHUOSUIDUANMIANXIANHUANGSEHUOHONGHUANGSE,JUFANGSHEZHUANGWENLI,QIWEI,WEIJIKU。


JIUHUANGLIAN:XINGRUHUANGLIANPIAN,SEZEJIASHEN。LVEYOUJIUXIANGQI。


熊猫电竞JIANGHUANGLIAN:XINGRUHUANGLIANPIAN,BIAOMIANZONGHUANGSE。YOUJIANGDEXINLAWEI。


熊猫电竞YUHUANGLIAN:XINGRUHUANGLIANPIAN,BIAOMIANZONGHUANGSE。YOUWUZHUYUDEXINLAXIANGQI。


性味归经

熊猫电竞KU,HAN。GUIXIN、GAN、WEI、DACHANGJING。


性能特点

BENPINDAKUDAHAN,QINGXIEERZAO,YAOLIPOQIANG,ZHURUXIN、WEIJING,JIANRUGANYUDACHANGJING。ZUOYONGPIANYUXINJIZHONGJIAO,SHANQINGXINWEIZHIHUO,CHUZHONGJIAOSHIRE,WEIZHISHIREHUOYUZHIYAOYAO。


功效

QINGREZAOSHI,XIEHUOJIEDU。


妙记

黄连,炒用清热燥湿,生用泻火解毒

YABACHIHUANGLIAN,YOUKUSHUOBUCHU,ZHEIGEYAOHENXIAODESHIHOUJIUZHIDAOLE,SUOYIBUYONGJIQIAO,ZHIYUSANHUANGHUANGQIN,HUANGLIAN,HUANGBOFANGZAIYIQIJIANBIEBIJIAOHAOJI!


CAIYUNZHUIYUE39TIGONG:

熊猫电竞HUANGQINQUSHANGJIAOHUO HUANGLIANQUZHONGJIAOHUO HUANGBOQUXIAJIAOHUO


qzq200412TIGONG:

HUANGLIAN---QINGREZAOSHI、XIEHUOJIEDU

HUANGBO-- QINGREZAOSHI、XIEHUOJIEDU、CHUGUZHENG

熊猫电竞HUANGQIN---QINGREZAOSHI、XIEHUOJIEDU、ZHIXUEANTAI

熊猫电竞LONGDANCAO-QINGREZAOSHI、XIEGANDANHUO

SHIREHUODUYONGHUANGLIAN,HUANGBOCHUZHENGQINXUEAN,LONGDANZHUANXIEGANDANHUO。


主治病证

(1)SHIREPIMANOUTU、XIELI、HUANGDAN。

(2)REBINGGAORE、FANZAO、SHENHUN,NEIREXINFANBUMEI,WEIHUOYATONG、KOUSHESHENGCHUANG。

(3)GANHUOFANWEIOUTUTUNSUAN。

(4)XUEREWANGXINGTUNV,YONGWENZHONGDU,MUCHIZHONGTONG,ERDAOJIEZHONG,CHENGRECHUANGZHEN。


配伍

HUANGLIANPEIMUXIANG

HUANGLIANKUHAN,GONGNENGQINGREZAOSHI、XIEHUOJIEDU;MUXIANGXINKUXINGWEN,GONGNENGLICHANGWEIQIZHIERZHITONG。 LIANGYAOXIANGHE,JIQINGREZAOSHIJIEDU,YOULIQIZHITONG,ZHISHIREXIELIFUTONG、LIJIHOUZHONGMEIYONG。


HUANGLIANPEIWUZHUYU

熊猫电竞HUANGLIANKUHAN,GONGNENGQINGREZAOSHIXIEHUO;WUZHUYUXINKUERRE,GONGNENGZAOSHISHUGANXIAQI。LIANGYAOXIANGHE,JIQINGREXIEHUOZAOSHI,YOUSHUGANHEWEIZHISUAN, ZHIGANHUOFANWEI、SHIREZHONGZUZHIOUTUFANSUAN。


HUANGLIANPEIBANXIA、GUAWEI

HUANGLIANKUHAN,GONGNENGQINGREZAOSHIXIEHUO;BANXIAXINKUERWEN,GONGNENGZAOSHIHUATAN、XIAOPISANJIE;GUAWEIGANHAN,GONGNENGQINGREHUATAN、LIQIKUANXIONG。SANYAOXIANGHE,JIXIEHUOHUATAN,YOUXIAOSANPIJIE,ZHITANHUOHUJIEZHIJIEXIONGZHENGXIAOJIA。


用法用量

NEIFU:JIANTANG,2~10g;HUORUWANSAN。WAIYONG:SHILIANG,YANMOFU。SHENGYONGZHANGYUXIEHUOJIEDUZAOSHI,QINGXINYUDACHANGHUO。JIUCHAOYINYAOSHANGXING,BINGKEHUANHEKUHANZHIXING。 JIANGZHIHUOWUZHUYUCHAO,ZEKUXIEXINKAI,HUANHEQIKUHANHAIWEIZHIXING,BINGZENGQIANGJIANGNIZHIOUZUOYONG。WUZHUYUZHIYOUZHIGANYUHUAHUOZHENG。


使用注意

熊猫电竞BENPINDAKUDAHAN,GUOLIANGHUOJIUFUYISHANGPIWEI,GUNEIFUYONGLIANGBUYIGUODA,YEBUYICHANGLIANGJIUFU,WEIHANOUTUHUOPIXUXIEXIEZHEJIFU。


药理

BENPINYOUJIERE、KANGJUN、KANGBINGDU、KANGYUANCHONG、KANGYAN、KANGGUOMIN、ZENGQIANGMIANYIGONGNENG、KANGZHONGLIU、KANGXINLVSHICHANGHEXINJIQUEXUE、JIANGXUEYA、YIZHIWEICHANGPINGHUAJI、KANGKUIYANG、LIDAN、JIANGXUETANG、YIZHIXUEXIAOBANJUJIJIYIZHIZHONGSHUDENGZUOYONG。


黄连的故事

CONGQIAN,ZAITUJIAZUJUZHUDEHUANGSHUISHANSHANG,YOUYIGEXINGTAODEYISHENG。TAJIAYOUGEYUANZIZHUANZHONGYAOCAO,TAYONGZHEIXIEYAOCAOJIRENZHIBING。YOUYUYISHUGAOMING,YUANJINDOUYOURENLAIQINGTAQUZHIBING。TAOYISHENGCHUMENDESHIHOUDUO,JIUQINGLEYIGEXINGHUANGDEBANGGONGLAIJINGGUANYUANZI。


熊猫电竞TAOYISHENGDENVERJIAOMEIWA,ZHANGDEPIAOLIANG、CONGMING、HUOPO,LAOLIANGKOUSHIRUZHANGSHANGMINGZHU。MEIWAYEXIHUANZAIHUAZHONGYAO,MEITIANZAOSHANGQILAI,DIYIJIANSHIJIUSHIDAOYUANZILIKANHUAKANYAO。


熊猫电竞ZHENGYUEDEYITIANZAOSHANG,HANSHUANGWEIHUA,LENGQIXIREN。MEIWALAIDAOYUANZILI,JIANHUAWEIKAI,CAOWEIMENGYA,JIUKAILEHOUMEN,YANZHEXIAOLUWANGSHANSHANGZOU。HURAN,TAKANDAOLUBIANYOUYIDUOYOULVSEDEXIAOHUAKAIFANGLE。MEIWAYUEKANYUEXIHUAN,JIUYONGSHOUZHIBASIZHOUDENITUTAOSONG,BATALIANGENWAQI,ZHONGZAIYUANZILI。BANGGONGKANDAOZHEIZHUZAITIANHANDIDONGDEZHENGYUEJIUKAIHUADEYECAO,YEHENXIHUAN,TIANTIANJIAOSHUI,YUEYUESHANGFEI。NEICAOYUEZHANGYUEMAOSHENG,HOULAIJIELEZI。BANGGONGBAZHEIHUADEZISAZAIYUANZILI,DIERNIAN,YUANLILVSEDEXIAOHUAJIUKAIDEGENGDUOLE。


熊猫电竞BULIAO,MEIWADELEYIZHONGGUAIBING,MANSHENZAORE,YOUTUYOULA,ZHISANTIAN,JIUSHOUDEPIBAOGUTOULE。TAOYISHENGDAOWAIDIJIRENZHIBINGSHANGWEIHUILAI,MEIWADEMUQINZHIHAOQINGDANGDILINGYIMINGYIQIANLAIJINVERZHIBING。ZHEIWEIMINGYISHITAOYISHENGDEPENGYOU,ZHENZHISHIFENXIXIN。KELIANFUSANJIYAODOUWEIJIANXIAO,DUZIYUELAYUELIHAI,HAIEQIXUELAI。MUQINZHENGTIANSHOUHUZAICHUANGQIAN,JIDECHIBUXIA,SHUIBUZHE,XIANGQINVERDEBINGJIUDIAOLEI。


BANGGONGKANZAIYANLI,HENJIAOJI,ZENMEBANNI?HURAN,TAXIANGQINEILVSEDEXIAOHUA,QIANGEYUEZIJIHOULONGTONG,OURANZHAIXIAYIPIANYEZI,JIAOLEYIXIA,SUIRANKUDEYAOMING,DANGUOLEYIGESHICHEN,HOULONGTONGJURANJIANQINGLE。JIEZHE,TAYOUJIAOLELIANGPIANYEZI,DANGTIANJIUBUTONGLE。MEIWAZHEIGEBING,ZHEIZHONGHUACAONENGBUNENGDANGYAONI?BUFANGSHIYISHI。XIANGDAOZHEILI,TAJIULIANGENDAIYECHELEYIZHUQILAI,JIANCHENGYIWANSHUI,CHENMEIWADEMAMAQUZHUFANSHI,DUANJIMEIWAHELE。SHEIZHIZAOSHANGHEDE,XIAWUBINGJIUHAODUOLE;ZAIHELELIANGCI,BINGJURANQUANHAOLE。ZHEISHI,TAOYISHENGHUILAILE,YIWENJINGGUO,FEICHANGGANDONG,LIANSHENGGANXIEBANGGONGSHUO:“MEIWAHAIDESHICHANGWEISHIRE,YIDINGYAOQINGREZAOSHIDEYAOCAIYIDEHAO。ZHEIKAILVHUADEXIAOCAO,KANLAIDUIQINGREZAOSHIDEGONGXIAOYA!”


YINWEIZHEIWEIBANGGONGXINGHUANGMINGLIAN,WEILEGANXIETA,ZHEIYAOCAIYEJIUQUMINGWEIHUANGLIAN。


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